A history of modernization in the industrial revolution

Ships and peoples moved in large numbers from Europe to other continents, and slaves were moved involuntarily from Africa.

And British taxpayers and British and foreign investors funded the armies and navies needed to succeed in the many eighteenth-century wars in Europe and across global sea routes. Others Dennis Flynn and Arturo Giraldez define it as a condition whereby all important areas of the world exchange products continuously and on a scale large enough to have an effect on trading partners.

Examples include the Lancashire cotton industry, the west Yorkshire worsted woolen industry, the Belgian heavy metal and engineering industry, the woolen and cotton industries of northern France, the cotton industry of Saxony, and the Catalan and Swiss cotton and calico-printing industries.

This region of China is said to have had similar labor costs to England. The existence of unevenly and unequally developed nations introduces a fundamental element of instability into the world system of states.

It is by undergoing the comprehensive transformation of industrialization that societies become modern. Weber's approach provided the basis for the modernization paradigm as popularized by Harvard sociologist Talcott Parsons —who translated Weber's works into English in the s and provided his own interpretation.

British products were successful in American as well as home markets and went on from the early nineteenth century to become global products, desired across Europe as well as in Caribbean and Latin American markets and in colonial India, Australia, and Asia.

It is now generally accepted that the new technology was not the principal factor. It is against this very slowly evolutionary background that the revolution that underlay modernity must be seen. Slater's pirated technology greatly increased the speed with which cotton thread could be spun into yarn.

During this period, industrial output grew at an average rate of 8 percent a year. This suggests that the terms industrialism and industrial society imply far more than the economic and technological components that make up their core.

However, rather than replicating the stages of developed nations, whose roots of modernization are found with the context of industrialization or colonialismunderdeveloped nations should apply proximal interventions to target rural communities and focus on prevention strategies rather than curative solutions.


This kind of protoindustry was infinitely flexible and complex. The scientific outlook—skeptical, autonomousapplying fixed standards of observation to continually changing phenomena, to reach conclusions that were never to be considered more than provisional—became the hallmark of modern society.

Advances in aviation with Zeppelin, in art with the Bauhaus movement are just two of the many examples. Modernization is a continuous and open-ended process. The American and French revolutions established the political character of modern society as constitutional and democraticmeaning not necessarily that every government thenceforward was of such character but that even those most conspicuously not so frequently claimed to be.

The Industrial Revolution had begun in Britain during the midth century, but the American colonies lagged far behind the mother country in part because the abundance of land and scarcity of labor in the New World reduced interest in expensive investments in machine production.

Modernization theory

Some saw this scaled-down Industrial Revolution as a largely British affair; economic indicators showed a yawning gap between the British rates of population growth, agricultural productivity, urbanization, and real wages and those of the rest of Europe—especially those of Britain's great rival, France.

They placed doctrinal emphasis on religious contemplation and the life hereafter. Such features, with various others, were compounded into a powerful image of industrialism as a whole and wholly new social system and way of life.

It asserted the principle of self-determination.


Modern society is industrial society. This, he argues, was very different from the market-driven uniformity of the early-twenty-first-century world. A number of basic cultural trends, including new literary styles and the spread of science, ran through the entire continent.

Modernization theory

This division of labour took place in a newly concentrated physical environment. In the United Kingdom this was done through a gradual extension of the franchise in the 19th century.

Dependency theory[ edit ] One alternative model on the left is Dependency theory. Up to a certain point in its course, it carries the institutions and values of society along with it, in what is generally regarded as a progressive, upward movement.

22a. Economic Growth and the Early Industrial Revolution

It is this process that is somewhat misleadingly called the Neolithic revolutionimplying that new stone tools were at the root of this vast change. Technology, markets, and global power made this Britain's revolution.The Industrial Revolution in the 19th century was an immensely remarkable time period in the world’s history.

The revolution brought advancement throughout the world that transformed countries from premodern to modern. Modernization theory has also been accused of being Eurocentric, as modernization began in Europe, with the Industrial Revolution, the French Revolution and the Revolutions of (Macionis ) and has long been regarded as reaching its most advanced stage in Europe.

No other premodern state advanced nearly as close to starting an industrial revolution as the Southern Song. [1] [2] The want of potential customers for products manufactured by machines instead of artisans was due to the absence of a "middle class" in Song China which was the reason for the failure to industrialize.

The Industrial Revolution has had a tremendous impact on the whole world. But because of its British origin the people living on the island bore most of the hardships and went through the quickest and most radical change out. A new history of Europe's—and especially Britain's—Industrial Revolution must be a history of comparisons, encounters, and connections between and among parts of Europe, Asia, Africa, and the Americas.

This is a new approach to European industrialization, focusing on comparative environmental histories, on consumer. The Industrial Revolution has had a tremendous impact on the whole world.

But because of its British origin the people living on the island bore most of the hardships and went through the quickest and most radical change out off all the people affected by this movement.

A history of modernization in the industrial revolution
Rated 0/5 based on 4 review